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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Union of Journalists, in the name of the Polish Press in Britain, argued
in Wiadomosci Polskie :
" The Polish case is unique among those ' guests * from the continent.
The problems of Belgium, Holland, Norway and the rest were simple and
so were the problems of their press on this island, although they may have
been somewhat upset by the existence of a Quisling or a Hacha or similar
persons . . . The Polish cause, the cause of a nation which has nothing
to be ashamed of, has always been more complicated and difficult . . .
"... If there are Germans or Soviet Russians who desire to hide many
facts, the Poles have nothing to hide. And if those people, the Belgians,
Dutch, Norwegians, etc., have, so to speak, victory already in their pocket,
Poland must fight to keep what she had in 1939.
" When the armies of the two invaders spread over Poland, 2,900 Polish
periodicals were suppressed. Both the Russians and the Germans
forbade even the smallest publication, and until this day none have re-
appeared. The cultural life of Poland has been stamped out by the enemy.
In every other country in Europe some press, at least, is legally published
by the partisans of the Quislings or Hacha, or Petain, but only the 'secret'
Underground press exists in Poland. Therefore, the Polish press in Great
Britain was working, not only for die emigrees, but for those 2,900 suppressed
journals^ and on behalf of millions of Poles in their homeland.
k Can there be any better illustration of the ordeal of Polish culture
than the faa that secret papers for children have to be published in Poland ?
But how can we explain this to an Englishman . . . ? Can a foreigner
understand the part now being played by the free Polish press . . . ? War
imposed upon Poland, regulations (if I may use this word) which are
exceptional. What is going on in Poland has never happened anywhere
before . . .
" In violation of the principles of  savoir vivre' the Polish press defends
Poland's rights to all her pre-war territory and repeats that we did not
enter this war in order to emerge from it with our territory halved ! It
may be that this is tactless of us and by so doing, we are laying ourselves
open to trouble with the censorship and to accusations of unnecessarily
provoking * friction* between the Allies. Furthermore, the Polish press
must, from time to time at least, remind the world of the fate of our
deportees, particularly the children. Of those deported to a part of the
world where, whenever a Pole sets foot, there follows only tears and sweat.
I must add that even there a Polish paper accompanied the Polish exiles.
It was one of the most extraordinary papers and its story should have a place
in the annals of journalism. It was a little sheet written by hand and
affixed to the walls of the latrines. It was written on the walls of every latrine,
in every concentration camp and every prison.
e* The s vicious ' Polish press in Britain had, furthermore, to enquire
into the mystery of the death of ten thousand murdered Polish officers.
This press had to argue with those papers who were openly accusing the
Polish Government of plotting with Hitler and Goebbels, These are some
of the complications and difficulties which other foreign journalists in
England do not have to contend with. The wrongs of the Polish nation
cannot be passed over in silence by the Polish press."
At the beginning of 1944 there were twenty Polish papers in Britain^
one daily and two weeklies, one, the Wiadomosci Polskie, an independent
paper was published in seven thousand copies, the rest (apart from the
Pe&h Daily} in some few hundred copies. The * secret* papers